Cognitive Distortion

Assignment 1: Cognitive Distortion

Cognitive theories emphasize the impact of thoughts on emotions and behaviors. Albert Ellis’s rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT) involves the identification of irrational thoughts, the subsequent emotions, and the resulting behaviors using the A-B-C model. Treatment extends this to the A-B-C-D-E model, as those thoughts are disputed and alternative, more rational effects are the results:

Steps in the Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) Model
A Activating an event
B Belief about the event
C Emotional and behavioral consequences of the belief
D Dispute or debate the belief
E New rational effects or beliefs and new emotions and new behaviors

Aaron Beck’s cognitive therapy (CT) is designed to identify dysfunctional thoughts as well; in his theory, they are referred to as “cognitive distortions.”

Types of Cognitive Distortions
All-or-nothing thinking “Should” and “must” statements
Overgeneralization Labeling and mislabeling
Mental filter and selective abstraction Personalization
Disqualifying the positive Catastrophizing
Jumping to conclusions and arbitrary inferences Mind reading
Magnification or minimization Tunnel vision
Emotional reasoning

Adapted from “Labeling the Distortion” by Seligman and Reichenberg (2014).

Tasks:

In a minimum of 200 words, post your responses to the following:

Read the case study of Aaron.

Click here to read the case study.

Based on the case study:

  • Identify six of the cognitive distortions listed in the table above that apply to the case study of Aaron.
  • Cite evidence from the case for each type you identified.
  • For each type you identified, apply the A-B-C portion of Ellis’s theory and then create a D and an E.

Now, address the following questions:

  • Is the cognitive approach a good fit for Aaron? Why or why not?
  • What type of client is best suited for cognitive therapy (CT)?
  • Is it most suitable for particular cultures, ages, genders, or presenting problems? Why or why not?

Support your rationale and analyses by using at least two resources from professional literature in your response. Professional literature may include the Argosy University online library resources; relevant textbooks; peer-reviewed journal articles; and websites created by professional organizations, agencies, or institutions (.edu or .gov).

Your discussion posts and all written assignments should reflect graduate-level writing skills and appropriate use of APA style, including in-text citations and references.