You will be responding to a discussion board paragraph on Skin cancer. Your reply must be factual, and not opinionated. All facts must be cited, APA format. 250 word minimum
Label each section according to the following that might apply to your topic:
- *The explanation / background of the topic- Teach the topic to students. Break it down. (*Everyone must do this part). Include the Structure and Function relationship in the body Important. Interesting and current research on the topic.
- Examples to clarify and teach. (Important!) (Your own examples can be critical thinking too.)
- Tips and Tricks for Remembering and Recalling. Is there a mnemonic device that might help you memorize this information or what helps you understand this?
- Connect the dots Use critical thinking. Draw your own conclusions from the research. Why is this an important topic? How does it relate to other concepts in the text? Use your own words and thoughts here.
Below is the paragraph you will be responding to:
Skin cancer is one of the most common of all human cancers, with 1 million people in the U.S. diagnosed each year. Cancer occurs when healthy cells undergo a transformation and grow and multiply without normal controls. “Skin cancer affects people of all colors and races, although those with light skin who sunburn easily have a higher risk.” (American Academy of Dermatology, 2018). More than 80 percent of skin cancer diagnoses are Basal cell carcinoma or (BCC). These cancers “arises from cells of the stratum and eventually invades the dermis” (Saladin, 2015, p.193). This type of skin cancer affect the areas of the skin that receive the most exposure to the UV, like the head and neck. This type of cancer typically grow slowly, and it is uncommon for them to spread, or metastasize, to other parts of the body. Unless it is left untreated, so early detection and treatment are important. Squamous cell carcinoma or (SCC) is the second most common form of skin cancer. They develop “from keratinocytes of the stratum spinosum” (Saladin, 2015, p.193). It’s usually found on areas of the body damaged by UV rays from the sun or tanning beds. Sun exposed skin includes the head, neck, ears, lips, arms, legs, and hands. SCC usually begins as a dome-shaped bump or a red, scaly patch of skin. It’s usually rough and crusty and can bleed easily when scraped. Large growths may itch or hurt. It may also pop through scars or chronic skin sores, so check for any changes and report them to your doctor. Melanoma is a type of cancer that “arise from the melanocytes” (Saladin, 2015, p.193) melanoma it accounts for only 5 percent of skin cancer. But it is also responsible for most deaths caused by skin cancer, also is more likely than other skin cancers to spread or metastasize to other parts of the body. Dissimilar than other forms of skin cancer, melanoma may develop in parts of the body not normally exposed to UV rays, like the groin or bottoms of the feet. It may also form in the eye. Knowing the warning signs of melanoma can help you find an early melanoma. There is an easy way to remember, “ABCDE,” is very useful for identifying malignant melanoma. Asymmetry one side of the lesion does not look like the other. Border irregularity margins may be notched or irregular. Color melanomas are often a mixture of black, tan, brown, blue, red, or white. Diameter cancerous lesions can be larger than 6 mm across about the size of a pencil eraser, although with early detection they will not reach this size. Evolution has a mole changed over time. Have your primary doctor or a dermatologist check any moles or spots that concern you.
American Academy of Dermatology. (2018). Types of skin cancer. Retrieved from
Saladin, K.S. (2015). Anatomy and Physiology. The Unit of Form and Function, (7th ed.). McGraw-Hill Education