Projecting Financial Trends

Assignment 2: Discussion—Projecting Financial Trends

An organization’s finances are closely linked to local and global  markets. Therefore, regular monitoring of economic factors, such as  employment, inflation, supply and demand, and interest rates is sure to  provide beneficial information. Therefore, it is important to understand  the impact of economic factors upon an organization’s current and  future operations and finances.

  1. Using the module readings, Argosy University online library  resources, and the Internet, research two to three articles on the  importance of analyzing economic factors for organizations.

    Then respond to the following:

    • Why should companies pay attention to economic factors when managing  the organization’s current and future financial information?
    • Consider an organization you are familiar with. Identify the  economic factor that has had the most impact on the organization’s  earnings in the past 5 years.
    • How has this factor impacted the organization and how has the  organization dealt with the impact in a positive or negative manner?

2. Please put the following income statement and balance sheet terms in the proper order:

Taxes, interest, gross profit, selling, general and  administrative expenses, sales, depreciation, net income, cost of goods  sold, and EBITDA.
3. For the balance sheet, please categorize the following as short-term  assets, long-term assets, short-term liabilities, long-term  liabilities, or owner’s equity:

Cash, accruals, property, plant and equipment, inventory,  accounts receivables, paid in capital, retained earnings, notes payable,  mortgage, and accounts payable.
4. Please explain in which order the four major financial statements need to be prepared, and why.

5. Please also explain the three major categories of the statement of  cash flows and under which category the following items belong. Also  explain whether or not each item would be considered a source or use of  cash for the period in question:

Inventory-increased for period
Net income-increased for period
Accounts receivables increase for period
Accounts payable decrease for period
Accruals decrease for period
Depreciation-increases for period
Stock issued
Property purchased
Bonds paid off
Inventories increase for period
Cash decreases
Notes payable increase for period
Bonds redeemed for period
Write your initial response in 300–500 words. Your response should be  thorough and address all components of the discussion question in  detail, include citations of all sources, where needed, according to the  APA Style, and demonstrate accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation