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Ethics Overview Paper
Psychologists develop a set of valid and reliable knowledge based on research / research and apply this same knowledge to human behavior and psychological processes in a wide range of contexts. In doing so, play a number of roles (roles) different in different areas, such as research, education, assessment, therapy, consulting, among others (Nagy, 2011). The Code of Professional Ethics Psychologist does not determine breach of confidentiality possibilities, opting for a reflective consciousness, critical and responsible, rather than make you more comfortable with the normative standards.
This paper discusses the psychological code of ethics and its significance along with the responsibilities of psychologists.
Psychological Code of Ethics
The purpose of the Code of Ethics is to provide regulation for psychologists as well as rules of the professional conduct which can be apply by APA also by other institutions that make a decision to accept them. These Code of Ethics are not proposed as basis for civil liability. The areas considered include, but are not exclusively clinical practice of counseling and educational psychology; supervision, research, teaching, public service, social intervention, policy development,development tools Assessment, behavior, counseling education, counseling organizational activities forensic, design and evaluation of programs and ad- ministration. (Corey et al., 2014).
This new Ethical Code of Psychology is based on the Code of 1974, Act 1983 and the latest developments at national and international level. The development of this Code of Ethics Psychologist (2000) is a collective enterprise. It was attended by Deans of Psychology, executives from leading trade associations of psychologists, ethics professors, practitioners, psychologists with doctoral, etc. The initial document was elaborated an ad hoc committee and submitted to all the Faculties of Psychology, all professional associations, psychologists from different regions of the country. It was discussed at symposia and conferences (Pope, 2011).
Significance of Code of Ethics of Psychology in Professionals
The psychologist in the exercise of their profession operates within a society that has explicit and implicit ethical standards, towards which shows respect and appreciation, and acknowledge that any violation of morals and standards in the community can engage their consultants, colleague’s students and / or the general public (Stricker, 2012).
The Code of Ethics of Psychologist is intended to provide general principles to help you make informed decisions in most of the situations with which psychologists face. Its objective is the protection and welfare of individuals and groups with which it works psychologist and guide and protects him in the exercise of their profession. It is the personal responsibility of each psychologist achieving the highest standards of professional conduct, in the present state of our knowledge. To achieve these goals requires that the practitioner develops a commitment throughout his life to act ethically, to encourage ethical behavior in students, colleagues and the public with which he works and to keep an open mind to change and new knowledge (Pope, 2011).
The science of psychology seeks to develop a body of knowledge that is valid and reliable, based on research. Psychologists apply that knowledge to human behavior in many contexts. By doing conducted a variety of activities, such as researcher, educator, psychotherapist, assessor, supervisor, and consultant. The goal of the psychologist is to increase scientific knowledge and apply them properly in order to improve the conditions of the individual and society, to achieve a better quality of life for all.
Responsibilities of Psychologists
- In the exercise of his profession, psychologist assumes full responsibility for their actions and the consequences thereof for the persons or institutions with which it operates. Should ensure adequate provision of services according to the highest standards of the profession.
- It is the responsibility of the psychologist pressures prevent personal, social, organizational, economic or political nature which may lead to misuse of their professional services or his influence as an agent of social change (Nagy, 2011).
- The psychologist is obliged to inform users of their services about the type of contribution to be rendered, expectations, costs, scope and limitations of the work, as well as the use that will be the results.
- The psychologist must act based on respect for fundamental rights, dignity and worth of individuals and society (Corey et al., 2014).
American Psychological Association (APA)
For the research, we can see that the current Code of Professional Ethics of Psychologists priority issues concerning the exercise of the activity of the psychologist as a clinical service provider, being of limited use to guide their own questions of the activity of the psychologist as researcher. Research in psychology has been developing, and with that, being released, increasing the need for commitment to the data of the subjects interviewed, therefore in the search results, how to present case studies at conferences and publications. One suggestion would be the guidelines of the American Psychological Association (APA), in the absence of other Countries standard. The guidelines expressed by the APA include specific recommendations on the ethics of research (Corey et al., 2014).
However, it does not seem prudent adherence to standards of other countries, in that they may be influenced by factors not appropriate to the Countries reality. However, it should be alternatively encourage the emergence of a statement of principles that has the broad support of our society, and that can inspire the development of institutional rules or independent execution of particular procedures (Pope, 2011).
The Code of Ethics of psychology refers to all areas of professional psychologist, research and teaching. These ethical rules apply to both Psychologists graduates and students of psychology. Therefore, ethics is a critical reflection on the moral, in which it is necessary to think in what you do, rethink the customs, standards and rules in society. One should be a critical reflection based on the interrelationship of various instruments or factors that must be considered, such as the Code of Professional Ethics Psychologist; the values and principles of the psychologist; the values and principles of the person served; moral concepts that permeate society and determine the concepts of right and wrong, good and evil; the principles, rules and ideals of the institution in which the psychologist is inserted, because when linked to an institution psychologist has moral and ethical responsibilities forward not only to the person served, but also against the institution that employs him.
Nagy, T. F. (2011). Essential ethics for psychologists: A primer for understanding and mastering core issues. American Psychological Association.
Corey, G., Corey, M., Corey, C., & Callanan, P. (2014). Issues and ethics in the helping professions. Cengage Learning.
Pope, K. S. (2011). Are the American Psychological Association’s detainee interrogation policies ethical and effective? Key claims, documents, and results. Zeitschrift für Psychologie/Journal of Psychology, 219(3), 150.
Stricker, G. (2012). American Psychological Association Code of Ethics. Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology.