study notes for Nutrition Class

Chapter 10.1

Calculate BMI and identify the different categories

Identify disease risk based on BMI

List different methods of determining % body fat

Explain the difference between subcutaneous and visceral fat

Define energy balance

List the components of energy expenditure and list factors that affect each

Chapter 10.2-10.3

List the health consequences of being overweight

Define satiety, hunger and appetite; and explain the factors that regulate each

Describe how genetics affects body weight

Describe how environmental factors affect body weight; and which have contributed to the recent obesity epidemic

List and describe the methods of losing weight healthfully

Explain how behavior modification influences success during weight loss

List and explain the extreme measures for treating obesity that are outlined in the book

Chapter 10.4

List the factors that can lead to underweight

Explain how popular media versions of the ‘ideal’ man and woman have changed over the last century

List the health consequences of underweight

Explain the factors involved in gaining weight healthfully

List and describe the factors that contribute to the development of an eating disorder

Differentiate between disordered eating and an eating disorder

Define binge eating, bulimia and anorexia

Explain what is meant by ‘night eating syndrome’

List the signs of disordered eating

Explain how eating disorders are treated

Chapter 10.5

Define physical fitness

List and describe the components of fitness

List the benefits of exercise, overall fitness, and each component

Differentiate between aerobic and anaerobic

Explain how utilization of the macronutrients is affected by exercise, intensity and endurance

Describe nutrition needs both during and after exercise

Explain how exercise affects fluid balance and fluid needs

Chapter 11.1

Identify target weight gains during pregnancy

List the nutrients of concern during pregnancy

List and describe behaviors that the mother should avoid during pregnancy

Define and describe gestational diabetes

Compare and contrast breastfeeding and formula feeding

Explain how nutrient and caloric needs of an infant differ from those of adults

Describe how one might know when an infant is ready for solid foods

Explain what foods should not be given to an infant

List and describe the nutrients of concern during childhood and adolescence

Describe factors that are contributing to current rates of childhood obesity

Explain how the school lunch program affects the health of children

Explain how the caloric and nutrient needs of an older adult differ from younger adults

List and describe the nutrients of concern in the elderly

Explain nutrient intake often difficult to achieve in the elderly

List and describe the social and physical factors that affect nutritional status in the elderly

Chapter 11.2

List and describe the classes of microorganisms that can cause food borne illness

Explain how one may reduce their risk for foodborne illness

Define cross contamination

List the different types of food additives, and describe the term used to deem them ‘safe’

Explain how bioaccumulation of pollutants can lead to contamination of foods

Describe the advantages and potential health concerns of pesticide use

Describe the advantages and concerns of organic foods

Define genetic modification and explain the benefits and potential concerns of this form of biotechnology

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