Tax Return

ACCT 557 Homework Week 2 Problem 1

California Surplus Inc. qualifies to use the installment-sales method for tax purposes and sold an investment on an installment basis. The total gain of $75000 was reported for financial reporting purposes in the period of sale. The installment period is 3 years; one-third of the sale price is collected in 2014 and the rest in 2015 and 2016. The tax rate was 35% in 2014, 30% in 2015, and 30% in 2016. The enacted tax rates of 2015 and 2016 are not known until 2015. The accounting and tax data are shown below.

       
    Financial Accounting Tax Return  
2014 (35% tax rate)        
Income before temporary difference    $                 175,000  $             175,000  
Temporary difference    $                   75,000  $               25,000  
Income    $                 250,000  $             200,000  
         
2015 (30% tax rate)        
Income before temporary difference    $                 200,000  $             200,000  
Temporary difference    $                          –  $               25,000  
Income    $                 200,000  $             225,000  
         
2016 (30% tax rate)        
Income before temporary difference    $                 180,000  $             180,000  
Temporary difference    $                          –  $               25,000  
Income    $                 180,000  $             205,000  
         
Required:        
         
  1) Prepare the journal entries to record the income tax expense, deferred income taxes, and the income taxes payable for 2014, 2015, and 2016. No deferred income taxes existed at the beginning of 2014.
  2) Explain how the deferred taxes will appear on the balance sheet at the end of each year. (Assume Installment Accounts Receivable is classified as a current asset.)
  3) Show the income tax expense section of the income statement for each year, beginning with “Income before income taxes.”