case study

Case Study: What to write in each section

case study

Imagine when your teacher asks you to write a case study. You have no idea how to format a case study. The online writing experts from have created this article to help you know what should be written in each of the sections of the study. Let’s get started!

1. Case Study Introduction

Keep in mind that the introduction should be done in a way that captures the reader’s interest. Thus, a widely used approach is the funnel structure. In this structure, you will start with describing the general aspects, showing the context in which we will work, then going on to a more specific topic (eg, scientific context) until you arrive at the purpose of the paper and the reason for its execution.

1.1 Description of the problem studied

The problem description is important because it helps readers to make comparisons between the problems that happen to them and the problem that you investigated in the case study. This section helps to understand the relevance of the research as a whole. To guide the writing of this subsection you must answer the questions

  • What is the problem studied?
  • Where does it happen?
  • Who observed or observed its occurrence?
  • Why is this important and should it be addressed?

The last paragraph should contain a brief description of the solution and what are the expected benefits of such a solution.

1.2 Research Objectives

Research objectives are an analysis of the case study purposes with the aim of presenting the point of view in the context of Context.

1.3 Context where the research was applied

Here you should talk about the way you organized and the places where the research was carried out. The author must inform readers how the research relates to specific situations. The context consists of all the factors that can affect the generalization and usefulness of the conclusions.

2. Related works

In the first paragraph, you must contextualize it saying that the section will be dedicated to the description of the related works. Then, you should dedicate a paragraph to each of the works, describing how it deals with that topic, and finally showing your strengths and weaknesses with a critical view. In the last paragraph, you can make a general critique of the works.

3. Case study design

In this section, you will explain how the case study was done in relation to its steps and elements. In addition to providing contextualization regarding the area in which the study was conducted, it is important that the author defines the objective of the study. This objective should speak to what the author hopes to achieve with the execution of the study. This objective is refined in a set of research questions that will help the author to reach the objective and which will be answered based on the analysis.

3.1 Research Questions

In order to define the research questions, the participation of the advisor, or someone who has better experience in the research area of ​​the study is very important. It is worth remembering that the entire study will be carried out and directed with the aim of answering these research questions. Therefore, the more refined and relevant the better the result of your study.

TIP: As soon as the research questions are defined, imagine in hypotheses how you think it will be answered and start to wonder if you will have the data for those answers and analyzes. This will be important for defining the data collection process, as well as when writing the results and discussions.

3.2 Selection of participants and case study

Here you must explain who and what will participate in the studies, let’s go to an example that will be clearer. Let’s say that we want to analyze the effects of a given training on the day to day of the employees of a factory. We can say that employees will be our participants (subjects) and that specific training or application of a technique (case) will be our case.

3.3 Data collection procedure

In this section, the data collection procedure is described in detail. These data can be quantitative (numbers or measures) or qualitative (words and descriptions). It is important that the author documents the entire collection process, from the initial stages of defining the technique used, such as the execution of the entire collection process. TIP: The more details the better.

3.4 Data analysis procedure

Data analysis can be done in different ways depending on the type of data that was extracted in the previous step, which can be qualitative or quantitative.

Quantitative analysis includes descriptive analysis, correlation analysis, development of forecasting models and hypothesis testing. All of these activities are important for the case study.

It is important to note that quantitative analysis methods require a fixed research (study) design. For example, if a question with a quantitative answer is changed during the interview process, it makes it impossible to interpret the average values ​​of the answers to the questions. In addition, quantitative data from just one study tends to be quite small, due to the number of responses you will collect. This can pose threats to your study.

As the case study is a flexible research method, we can use different methods of qualitative analysis. The basic objective of the analysis is to draw conclusions from the data, maintaining a link with the evidence. This connection with the evidence means that if a reader takes the same set of data, he will be able to arrive at the same results and draw the same conclusions as you (author/researcher).

TIP: It is important that each step and decision made is documented in the study.

This type of analysis can bring threats to the study when done by only one researcher (author) since he will interpret it in a way that is convenient and pertinent to him.  It is important that this qualitative analysis is done by more than one person independently and in the end, the results are compared and joined to form a common discussion and conclusion.

3.5 Validation procedure

This validation concerns the reliability/confidence of the results presented, if the data really speaks the truth or if they have not been influenced by the researcher (author). Note that we must be careful with this type of thing from the early stages of the study. Below we will list four different aspects of validation that we must take into account:

  • Construction Validity: this aspect reflects the extent to which the items you have chosen to evaluate, whether they really represent what the researcher (author) has in mind and what is investigated by the research question. For example, in an interview, if a particular issue was interpreted differently between the interviewer and the interviewee, we will have a construction threat. TIP: Always review and pilot questions before conducting the final interview.
  • Internal Validity: this aspect concerns when evaluating a cause and effect relationship. When the researcher (author) investigates whether a factor affects another factor, there is a chance that the investigated factor will also be influenced by a third factor. If the researcher is not aware of the third aspect and/or is unaware of its existence, this will affect the results of the investigated factor and introduce a threat to the study.
  • External Validity: concerns the possibility of generalizing the results and whether the results will be of interest to readers and researchers. In the analysis of external validity, the researcher assesses the impact of the relevance of his study on the scientific community.
  • Reliability: it concerns the way in which the data and the analysis are dependent on a specific researcher (author). Hypothetically, if another researcher does the same study as you, the result should be the same. This problem can happen when you do not make it clear how the data was collected, how you interpreted the data, or even some question in the interview that was not clear to both parties.

It is worth remembering that all these validities must be considered from the beginning of the study, in order to avoid as much as possible new threats appear in your study.

4. Results

The results section is the bridge between the data and the study’s findings/evidence. It is considered one of the most important sections when you want to assess the quality of the study. Thus, it is essential that it is done in a structured way, with a critical view, and easy to be understood. To help you in writing we have divided this section into parts (or paragraphs) each with its purpose:

  • Description of the participants and the cases studied.
  • Description of the step-by-step execution of the case study
  • Analysis and interpretation of observed aspects
  • Evaluation regarding the validity of the results



In this section, you must show the most important aspects, results, and evidence of your work. Following is the division into parts or paragraph of what you should consider in writing the conclusion:

  • Brief description of your work
  • A summary of the research findings
  • Relationship with existing evidence
  • Impacts and implications that results can generate
  • Study limitations
  • Future works

With the above tips, you are sure to secure an impressive grade in your case study paper. However, sometimes you may not have the time for preparation, researching, and writing your paper. That is why we have a pool of expert writers to help you. All you need to do is to request online paper help, then sit back and relax as we craft your paper.

compare and contrast essay

An Exceptional Guide to Writing a Compare and Contrast Essay

compare and contrast essayIn your course of work as a student, you will come across different genres of writing tasks; each one of them contains its specification. The most common assignment is the compare and contrast essay. This assignment requires you to concentrate on how certain things relate to or differ from one another. Your lecturers want you to connect between certain ideas, take part in problem-solving, and go beyond basic description to create an interesting examination when they give you such essays.

As a writer, you get an understanding of the ideas you are comparing, how they relate to each other, and what stands out about them when you reflect on similarities and differences.

What Is a Compare and Contrast Essay Writing?

It is an article that assesses the similarities and differences between the two topics. The topics are usually in the corresponding group, but they are different. You may choose to concentrate entirely on comparing, completely on contrasting, or on both. Your lecturer may instruct you to do one or both of them.

Select working topics and list their features. Their features dictate whether the topics are working. Also, compare and contrast essays can cover almost any topic and may appear in multiple topics. To decide what to include, writers need to bear in mind one thing: relevance. Relevance will help you decide which features are worth comparing and contrasting. Your essay and research paper will help you determine the importance or unimportance of facts. That means essay writers need a strong master’s essay.

Next, select an aligned pattern of organization and functional transitions to put your paper above the average.

If you think that putting together an essay about one topic is difficult, where do you start when it comes to an essay about two topics?

Don’t worry because we have an excellent step-by-step guide to help you get started with your compare and contrast essay writing.

  1. Select Your Topic

Always bear in mind that the two topics selected must differ, but still lie on the same ground to make a significant compare and contrast essay. For instance, if you’re going to write about two different famous people in history, you can choose two great movie stars rather than a movie star and a singer.

  1. Generate Similarities and Differences

Come up with one list of similarities and another one of differences. Make two converging circles for the subjects that you’re comparing. Record features that vary separately and the same characteristics are indicated in the converging area.

This technique is very useful since it arranges both similarities and differences understandably. What you need to do is take a look at your converging circles to obtain an idea of the items you’re going to write. If you want to concentrate on a single topic at a time, make a list on a paper and then turn over to the next page. Always keep features of the side of the different subject on one side. It will help you construct the best argument.

  1. Sharpen Your Key Argument

Listing of similarities and differences is not just enough to construct a significant statement about a big topic. What’s the fundamental thing you check when you take a look at the lists you’ve made? When it comes to the subject, what do these similarities and differences say about it? Now that is going to be your key argument.

  1. Choose a Structure

You can structure your compare and contrast essay by writing about just a single topic in detail, then shift to the next.

For example, compare and contrast singers and movie stars. You can put down two paragraphs about characteristics that are ordinary to singers, along with some that they share with movie stars. Then in the next section, you would focus on movie stars.

  1. Put down an Outline

Create a layout that suits the form you chose. A short compare and contrast essay usually contains three paragraphs and a conclusion. For a better balance between your two topics, you can include the fourth paragraph.

  1. Add Supporting Evidence

Always support your statements with proof based on groundwork. Let’s use an antelope and a deer. Use a personal story to support your arguments.

  1. Proofread

When you finish, go through your essay to look over grammar. Use Grammarly checks to present an error-free document.

Follow these guidelines, and you will have a compare and contrast essay that will impress your lecturer and your readers.

Do you find essay writing assignments challenging, you need not worry anymore. We have essay writing services with highly qualified online essay writers who will guide you or write your paper. Do not hesitate to contact us at any time.



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Excellent ways of writing a research paper introduction

submit your assignments

Excellent ways of writing a research paper introduction

When you have done all your prior preparations for writing a research paper, it’s time to write the research paper introduction. The introduction is the area in which you let your reader know the overall thesis that you will explore in the paragraphs of text in the rest of the paper. You should explain the subject and explain the importance of your research and its results. It may seem a little strange to write your introduction after writing the full essay, but this is a great practice to follow and works excellently for many research paper writers.

 What is it?

The introductory paragraph or paragraphs are usually placed at the beginning of the research paper. Besides, anything you write in the introduction should grab the reader’s attention. This part of your work is designed to help the reader know if they want to read the newspaper.

How do you write a research paper introduction?

After writing your research paper, you will have a complete picture of your research and analysis. This will help you identify the key points and include them in the introduction. These tips will grab your reader’s attention, pique their interest, read the entire essay, and define the thesis statement. There are also a few simple tricks that can help make your research paper introduction shine:

  1. State your research topic

The first few sentences should often be on the general topic, and then you should add some details about your topic. This is called an inverted triangle when you start with the wide design and then narrow it down.

  1. Be original
    If you’re writing a humanities research paper, you can start the introduction with a quote or even an anecdote. If your academic field is science or medicine, you can write a fascinating fact or shocking fact. Such an approach will help you develop an attractive introduction to research papers.
  2. Explain the most important terms

You should explain the most important terms and concepts in the introduction to avoid readable confusion later. Make your investigation clear and understandable.

  1. The Size matters
    You should find your own ideal length for the introduction. It should be short enough to be legible and grab the reader’s attention and long enough to explain all of the main features of your essay.
  2. See the keywords
    The keywords should be used in the introduction. The goal of this trick is to make a research paper easier to find. These can be separate words or combinations of words that define your topic.
  3. Follow the rules of logic.
    You should be consistent in writing. Demonstrating logical links between sentences will make your text more coherent.

Research paper introduction examples

The theory is good, but the practice is very different. Read our examples to get great ideas on how to write an excellent introduction.

Contemporary literary marketing has gone digital due to the demands of the online age. Popular bestselling authors such as JK Rowling or Dan Brown benefit from the Internet and use it as a source of advertising to show their creations to the public. On the other hand, many authors find digital literature harmful and destructive to their livelihood because many users can get their books without paying for them. However, further studies show that the business side of the book industry is not far from the negative. This research paper defines whether the culture of digital book consumption needs to be changed because writers’ creations become worthless due to online piracy and because people have stopped evaluating non-digitized books.

Example of introductory paragraph for college research paper
The second sample deals with the topic: “Behavioral Study on the Phenomenon Of Obedience.”

Modern theories tend to associate wrongdoing and deliberate actions that harm others with personal traits. In one survey, psychologists and doctors predicted that only a small fraction of people (around 1-3%) willfully harm someone after being told to do so. A good example of this phenomenon is a new war trial with Adolph Eichmann, who claimed that he had only obeyed orders to carry out Nazi war crimes. So is it possible that people can harm others by just “following orders?” Are people able to give away their moral beliefs when asked to do so? We will see if someone can continue to deliver painful electric shocks that harm another person just because they are told to do so during the experiment. It is expected that very few will continue and that most participants will not obey the order.

Final Thought 

Writing an engaging introduction is no less important than doing research or providing quality context in your output. In fact, a great intro is even more important to your success! An introductory paragraph that attracts attention and occupies the reader is the key to this academic paper’s success. The intro is the first thing a reader sees. It is exactly what helps him, or her get the first impression of your work that carries their opinion of the merits of your paper as they finish reading it. That is why it is so important to get it right.

How do you create flawless research paper introductions? These tips and examples in this article should help you complete this task with ease and avoid common mistakes. However, it also requires practice. We encourage students to practice writing as best they can to master these skills and never have difficulty writing academic papers again! If you still need help, our writers can help you write custom research paper introductions or the entire research paper.  Ask for research paper writing services by sending us a request.

online writing services

How to Choose the best online writing services

online writing servicesHow to choose an online writing services

With many activities that students engage in while at college, it is not surprising that sometimes, students find themselves running behind time to submit their college assignments and essays. However, clever students look for online essay writing services to relieve themselves of the burden. Online writing services provide punctuality in submitting work and reviewing work. The platform also provides plagiarism reports. Platforms also help in choosing the professional writer for your style and subject. Since there are so many websites, you need to be careful while choosing the one to do your task. It becomes challenging to filter the original and suitable one. In this article, we will share tips and tricks on choosing the best online services for your task.

Why do students choose writing services?

Research students most commonly use online writing services. Writing services provide the best writers on the platform. Best online writing services will provide you with the best essay writers that can match your writing needs. Students choose online services to write an essay professionally. This helps to increase the value of the research work. Writing assignments also play a role in scoring good grades. If a student cannot write well, he appears to be a bad student or professional.

The criteria for choosing the best  writing services

Each student has their own requirements when writing an essay. It may be the subject, the language, the research work, or the professionalism that includes it all. But before selecting the writer or writing service, you should check the following points.

Be open with budget

Cheap writing services should not always entice you. Some of them usually produce essays with a high degree of plagiarism. The Essay can also contain errors with grammar and formatting in cheap services. With cheap services, you may never the original essay for your subject, or they may be sending the same essay to many customers with a similar topic. Don’t go for the cheapest providers. Do your research before selecting your writer and check reviews from previous customers and look for the platform’s utilities.

Check the educational background of the writers.

This point is critical because you must keep in mind that a writer’s academic background is significant. It is a wrong trend with online writers claiming they have a very high degree from a very prestigious institution. Still, in reality, these are just words they express to get the customer’s or client’s attention. So, keep this point in mind as well as you look for a writer. It’s simple to ask and needs to be done in the beginning to avoid problems later. If not given due importance, it can prove very problematic as you will waste time and money, so you will have to approach a new writer.

Check their previous experiences.

The person you contact to write your work must have previous writing experience. No matter how qualified that person is in a certain field, they still may not know how to write something about that topic. So, you have to be very careful at this point as well when choosing your writer. You can ask them many things that will give you proof of their experience, and you too can ask them to provide you with a low paying draft work early on. After this, you can finalize them for the actual activity.

Choose versatility

When looking for the writing platform, do not look for a specific subject or type and style of essays. Look for the platform where writers are available for different types of essays, such as writing applications, essays with paragraphs, analytical essays, term papers, research papers, definitions, etc. A writer who is specific to a writing style can be good at the same time, but a versatile writer can adopt the demanding style. The writer’s versatility also creates a cooperative environment where a writer can easily understand customer demand.

Match your style

It’s fine if the writer asked for a sample essay in your style. You may have submitted work before the end, and your teacher can recognize your style. If the writer asks for a sample, feel free to provide it. It will help the writer bring his style to his essay, and it will be easier to provide him with a professional essay in his writing style. If they do not ask, you can suggest giving them a sample so that they stick to your preferred style.

Communicate while writing

Many online platforms meet the requirements for the essay and assign the task to the writer. You will receive a written essay at the end or at the time of the presentation that you have decided. One-On-One communication is not provided to you and the writer, which can increase the difficulties in understanding the topic and the writer’s details. And you may not get what you’re waiting for. While looking for online services, note where both parties provide the cooperative environment.

 Check availability

You need to check the status of the paper or essay. 24/7 customer services help the customer to access at any time. If the customer wants any changes to the requirements, it will be easier for uninterrupted service providers.

 Look for a free review.

When selecting the online writing service, make sure they provide a free review. The paid review becomes more expensive. The review also helps to improve the trial, and this can only be done with the cooperation of the service provider and the writer.

Check the writers’ expertise.

The best online writing sites provide details about the writers available on the platform. To get professionalism in writing, choose the website that provides the professional. Before selecting the writer, read the profile and reviews about the authors.


After reading the article, you must now be very familiar with the tricks on how to find the best writer for your job. You will have these people online; they will get your work theme and write it for you. But you need to know how it is doing it and how it is doing it. So, check and keep an eye on the main points above, and you will find the best one.

It’s kind of a shortcut, which you can probably take full advantage of if you keep the above tips in mind. If you want to try it today, request an essay writing service here today.