Qualitative and Mixed Methods Research Designs in Nursing Paper

Qualitative And Mixed Methods Research Designs

Imagine that you work in a clinic that has recently implemented a new program to support the family members of patients with brain injuries. You have been tasked with determining the success of the new program. What are your options? You could create a brief questionnaire for family members, or possibly have semi-structured interviews. How would your techniques differ if you were researching patient experiences with wait time in an emergency room setting? Reflect on how the particular circumstances of a research study dictate the most appropriate approach.

This week, you are introduced to qualitative and mixed method approaches to research design, including when to use these research designs to address specific PICOT questions. You also critique qualitative and mixed methods research studies for validity and reliability.

Learning Objectives

Students will:

Evaluate appropriateness of qualitative research designs for research questions

Analyze ethical issues in qualitative research studies

Critique quantitative and qualitative or mixed methods research studies

Photo Credit: [AJ_Watt]/[iStock / Getty Images Plus]/Getty Images

Learning Resources

Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.

Required Readings

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2017). Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice (10th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Chapter 21, “Qualitative Research Design and Approaches”

This chapter introduces qualitative research designs. It provides an overview of the different types of qualitative research and then describes each one in greater detail, outlining how and when they should be used.

Houghton, C. E., Casey, D., Shaw, D., & Murphy, K. (2010). Ethical challenges in qualitative research: Examples from practice. Nurse Researcher, 18(1), 15–25.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

This article explores ethical challenges associated with qualitative research. Specifically, the authors examine the challenges of informed consent procedures, the researcher-participant relationship, risk-benefit ratio, confidentiality, and the dual role of the nurse-researcher.

Pringle, J., Hendry, C., & McLafferty, E. (2011). Phenomenological approaches: Challenges and choices. Nurse Researcher, 18(2), 7–18.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

This article examines the dilemmas faced by a researcher looking for appropriate methods and approaches for investigating the experiences of stroke survivors. In addition, this article reviews the challenges of using phenomenology as a research method.

Ryan-Nicholls, K. D., & Will, C. I. (2009). Rigour in qualitative research: Mechanisms for control. Nurse Researcher, 16(3), 70–85.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

The authors of this article provide recommendations for improving the control mechanisms of methodological rigor in qualitative research methods. The text establishes the basis of criticism on the rigor of qualitative work, ways of demonstrating methodological rigor, and the definition of rigor.

Smith, J., Bekker, H., & Cheater, F. (2011). Theoretical versus pragmatic design in qualitative research. Nurse Researcher, 18(2), 39–51.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

This article assesses the benefits of using a generic qualitative approach to design studies for understanding user and caregiver perspectives. The authors assess these benefits in the context of a qualitative study that focused on parents’ experience of living with children with hydrocephalus.

Walker, W. (2011). Hermeneutic inquiry: Insights into the process of interviewing. Nurse Researcher, 18(2), 19–27.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

This article examines the process of interviewing from a research perspective. The authors supply personal and theoretical insights into using the research interview, along with a guide to the practicalities of interviewing.

Williamson, K. M. (2009). Evidence-based practice: Critical appraisal of qualitative evidence. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 15(3), 202–207.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

This article highlights the importance of qualitative evidence to mental health clinicians. The author stresses that critically appraising evidence is crucial to the EBP process and provides guidelines for appraisal.

Wuest, J. (2011). Are we there yet? Positioning qualitative research differently. Qualitative Health Research, 21(7), 875–883.

Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

This article focuses on the shifting role of qualitative research in the past two decades. The author discusses the merits and detriments of concrete distinctions, the hurdles of flexibility and convergence, and the need to develop a complete research toolbox for improving health.


Laureate Education (Producer). (2012l). Qualitative and mixed methods research designs. Baltimore, MD: Author.

This video features Dr. Kristen Mauk’s overview of how she applied qualitative research designs and methods to her doctoral dissertation work. Dr. Mauk explains the advantages of qualitative research as well as strategies for increasing credibility when conducting qualitative or mixed methods research.

Discussion: Qualitative Research Designs

For the past 2 weeks, you have focused on the features and considerations of quantitative research designs. However, quantitative designs are not appropriate for all research questions. Perhaps you are concerned with how patients react when confronted with negative test results, or you wish to study how views on a certain health topic change over time. In each of these cases, the emphasis is more on understanding the thinking and experiences of an individual or group than on numerical measurements. For these types of questions, a qualitative or mixed methods research design is the most appropriate.

For this Discussion, you focus on the different types of qualitative research designs, when they are used, and why they are important.

To prepare:

Reflect on the comments made by Dr. Mauk in this week’s media presentation on the value of qualitative research in nursing.

Locate the journal Qualitative Health Research in the Walden Library.

From this journal, select an article of interest to you that was published within the last 3 years.

Review the information on different qualitative research designs in Chapter 21 of your course text.

Determine what qualitative research design was used in your selected article and evaluate whether it was the best choice.

Consider ethical issues involved in the study and how the researchers addressed them.

Think about how using a quantitative design would have affected the type of data gathered.

Write an APA citation for the article that you selected and provide a brief summary of the content and the qualitative research design used. Evaluate the appropriateness of the design, and explain how ethical issues in the study were addressed. Analyze how the study would have been different if a quantitative design had been used.

PRNU 101 Nurse Practice Act




January 22, 2019, Due March 18th , 2019

Please go the LSBPNE web site:


1. Print the Nurse Practice Act to turn in with your Paper.

2. Write a short typed essay of 200 to 300 words on:

a. the Nurse Practice Act.

b. include why this is important for a student nurse or licensed nurse to know and understand.

c. discuss the ethical principal of nonmaleficence.

This assignment is worth six (6 total) points added to your final grade. The grading rubric is below; this is due by March 18, 2019




Insights and ideas that are germane to the assignment

2 pts

Choices and uses of evidence

2 pts

Logic of organization and use of prescribed writing formats

1 pts

Integration of source materials 2 pts

Explains in detail how this effects you as a nurse 2 pts

Grammar/ Spelling 1pts

Final Grade ____

****10 pts = 100. 9pts =90, 8 points = 80, 7 points = 70, 60 = 6 points, 50 + 5 points Below 50 no points will be awarded! Score Weighted at

.06 on grading sheet, example 100X.06 = 6 points, 90X .06 = 5.4 etc.

La importancia de la psicología

3 . La tercera semana (del 30 de octubre al 5 de noviembre de 2017)

· Debes responder contestar, en una plataforma lo escrito por dos de tus compañeros sobre lo que cada uno de ellos haya expuesto. Se trata de abundar, profundizar y argumentar en el mensaje; obviamente, no se trata de escribir un “estoy o no de acuerdo contigo”.


1. Nuestra institución fomenta la integridad y el análisis crítico en los estudiantes. Evita el plagio o fraude académico. EDP University cuenta con la aplicación URKUND que detecta el grado de similitud del trabajo presentado por usted. Estaré utilizándola en sus ensayos y proyectos, de tal manera, que me asegure que ninguno haya cometido plagio en sus escritos. El plagio es considerado como robo intelectual y conlleva sanciones. Por lo tanto, si usas fuentes de información (libros, páginas de internet, etc.): es importante y, mejor, que cites la referencia de donde tomas la información. Si se copia sin citar, sin entrecomillar, etc. seré estricto a la hora de calificar el trabajo (0%).


1) compañero:

1- La psicología es importante ya que gracias al estudio de esta rama podemos conocer las causas del comportamiento del ser humano en el ámbito social que lo rodea, así como el conocimiento de los trastornos mentales que derivan de esta. Gracias a la psicología ´podemos conocer el comportamiento de los humanos y aplicar dicha información en muchos campos como en la medicina, en la historia, en la política, en la ciencia en la lingüística.

2- La psicología es una rama con un amplio campo de estudio. Ella no solo se centraliza en las el comportamiento humano, también estudia los trastornos de la memoria, del razonamiento que pueden afectar el comportamiento humano, estudia el comportamiento de grandes grupos de población, también esta la psicología educativa que analiza el aprendizaje, esta la psicología forense que se centra en los procesos judiciales, la psicología del deporte que tiene como mete el mejoramiento del rendimiento deportivo, la psicología laboral.

Segunda semana

Papel de la psicología en la sociedad actual.

La psicología juega importante papel en la sociedad ya que gracias a esta podemos conocer sobre el comportamiento del ser humano en la sociedad y de esta forma recopilar información que nos ayudara a trazar estrategias en pos del mejoramiento de la calidad de vida ya que su estudio no solo se limita al mejoramiento de la función psíquica del paciente si no también en la prevención de enfermedades relacionadas con conductas poco saludables. Además de esto es la psicología la encargada de mejorar las habilidades sociales humanas, en tratar las personas abusada sexualmente, a las víctimas del bullying, en los procesos de divorcios de mejorar el rendimiento en el plano profesional,


2) compañero:

¿Por qué es necesario el estudio de la psicología?

Muchos pesares se nos manifiestan por nuestra agitada vida cotidiana, teniendo que lidiar con el estrés, el cansancio, el agotamiento y muchas presiones que nos da el mundo que nos rodea, por lo que se opta por recurrir a la Psicología como una forma de aliviar todas estas tensiones, pudiendo ayudarnos a resolver los problemas que tenemos para relacionarnos con otras personas o bien resolver los problemas de nuestra vida cotidiana.

La psicología es una ciencia que se encarga entonces de estudiar los distintos comportamientos de la Conducta Humana, no solo en lo que respecta a cómo nos relacionamos con otras personas, sino como reaccionamos ante los Estímulos del Entorno que nos rodea, que nos moldea el comportamiento y las distintas formas que nos proponemos para Afrontar al Mundo, y como este puede afectarnos en caso de que no podamos controlar nuestros impulsos o bien nos afecte emocional y socialmente.

¿Qué problemas crees que investiga la psicología?

La Psicología estudia los fenómenos psíquicos. Es la ciencia que estudia el comportamiento humano y los procesos mentales. Se entiende por fenómenos psíquicos todas las funciones psicológicas humanas como la percepción, la memoria, la inteligencia, el pensamiento, la motivación, el aprendizaje, la sexualidad, las etapas del desarrollo normal y la conducta en general.

La Psicología también se extiende al ámbito Social y los fenómenos de grupo, como la familia. En otras palabras la psicología estudia e investiga todos los problemas relacionados con la conducta humana observable y los procesos mentales.

Supporting the Sweetened Beverage Act

3-4 pages plus resources in APA format answering the following questions using local/state health departments as the selected legislator’s constituency. (Portion of the constituency = local/state health departments)

1. What are the characteristics of the local/state health departments (demographics, percentage of population, typical employment, etc)

2. What are some of the specific ways that the legislator’s support of the sugar sweetened beverage act benefit the local/state health departments?

3. What are the most convincing pieces of information about the sugar sweetened beverage act that would influence the legislator and the local/state health department and why would they be convincing?

**Once paper is completed, also need a 1 page fact sheet. 1 page of information about why this portion of the constituency would benefit from the legislator’s support of your issue (Key points from responses to above questions). Information presented in a visually-appealing, low-text, persuasive manner. Be sure to list APA sources at the bottom of the fact sheet**

Physics Dynamics discussion questions, physics homework help

I need help with Physics Dynamics discussion questions, there are 6 total discussion questions, need to write 100 words for each discussion, please check here for the discussion questions(






). Thank you.

Identify an engineering, event, disaster, case, etc. which is worthy of ethical argument. What this means is that one should find a happening that presents an ethical dilemma and perhaps resulted in criminal charges, a lawsuit, injuries/death, etc.

1.Identify an engineering, event, disaster, case, etc. which is worthy of ethical argument. What this means is that one should find a happening that presents an ethical dilemma and perhaps resulted in criminal charges, a lawsuit, injuries/death, etc.

Examples:Bay Bridge, eastern span o Solyndra o Theranos o Takata airbags o Human cloning o Henrik Schon (formerly of Bell Labs/Lucent) o Hwang Woo-suk (formerly of Seoul National University) o Haruko Obokata (formerly of RIKEN Center for Developmental Biology) o Craig Grimes (formerly of Penn State) o A good case is one where an individual, organization, community failed to apply the various ethical theories and follow the ethical guidelines presented in your lab. o Look broadly beyond these cases – find one that means something to you or your field of study.

2.Read about the case of your choice – find references (articles, cases, etc.) to provide you ample information and understanding of the case.

3.Write a 2-3 page, single-spaced, Arial 10 or Times New Roman 11 font, justified laboratory report that includes the following items:

Abstract/Executive Summary – Briefly summarize the case, major findings, issues.

Introduction – Introduce the case in more detail; Who? What? When? Where? and Why?

Analysis and Discussion – Analyze the case with respect to the NSPE Code and (some or all) of the ethical theories (select the ones that mean something to you or are well-suited to the case at hand). What ethics skills were overlooked or ignored by the actors? How or what could be done to avoid such events in the future?

Conclusions – Summarize the major findings of your case analysis – what are the lessons learned, the major outcomes for the community from this case?


4. Mentions NSPE Code in introduction

Gastroesophgeal Reflux prescription

View an audio/video introduction to your Assignment. Closed captioning is embedded into the video.

Topic: Pharmacotherapeutics of Gastrointestinal Disorders

For the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), write a prescription for a medication used to treat GERD.

Be sure to indicate drug name, strength, amount per dose, route, frequency of dose, amount to dispense, allow generics, number of refills and any special instruction to the patient

HC306 Herzing Week 4 Raywood Memorial Hospital Data Representation PPT

Unit 4 Assignment – Data Presentation

  • Due Sunday by 11:59pm
  • Points 100
  • Submitting a text entry box or a file upload

Estimated time to complete: 2 hours


Reference the following website for helpful information to complete this assignment:

You have recently been hired as a revenue-cycle management specialist at Raywood Memorial Hospital. Your direct supervisor, the VP of Revenue-Cycle Management, has asked you to prepare a presentation for the next stakeholder meeting. Keeping in mind, the stakeholder group is composed of both financial and non-financial professionals.

  • Complete the fields in the attached table, illustrating national benchmark data, and RMH data.
    • Supply data of your choosing anywhere red text is present
  • Create a brief Powerpoint presentation for the stakeholder meeting, summarizing the data contained in the excel document.
    • In one slide, explain the RMH’s overall fiscal condition, as defined by the metrics in the excel document.
    • Highlight three metrics (one per slide)
      • Briefly explain to the stakeholders why you chose those three to focus on for the purpose of this meeting.
      • Explain the relationship between national benchmarks and RMH data; providing explanations for data that falls short of, and exceeds, the benchmark.
    • Summarize RMH’s “next steps” in a closing slide
    • Include a minimum of three references, APA style, in a final slide.

Please review the rubric to ensure that your assignment meets criteria.


  • Data Presentation (PowerPoint)
  • Excel document with completed data fields

Assignment File(s)


HC306 Unit 4 Assignment – Data Presentation

HC306 Unit 4 Assignment – Data Presentation

Criteria Ratings Pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Content

35.0 pts 5

Demonstrates the ability to construct a clear and insightful problem statement/thesis statement/topic statement with evidence of all relevant contextual factors.

32.0 pts 4

Demonstrates the ability to construct a problem statement, thesis statement/topic statement with evidence of most relevant contextual factors, and problem statement is adequately detailed.

28.0 pts 3

Begins to demonstrate the ability to construct a problem statement/thesis statement/topic statement with evidence of most relevant contextual factors, but problem statement is superficial.

25.0 pts 2

Demonstrates a limited ability in identifying a problem statement/thesis statement/topic statement or related contextual factors.

21.0 pts 1

Demonstrates the ability to explain contextual facts but does not provide a defined statement.

0.0 pts 0

There is no evidence of a defined statement.

35.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Analysis PRICE-P

45.0 pts 5

Organizes and compares evidence to reveal insightful patterns, differences, or similarities related to focus.

41.0 pts 4

Organizes and interprets evidence to reveal patterns, differences, or similarities related to focus.

36.0 pts 3

Organizes and describes evidence according to patterns, differences, or similarities related to focus.

31.0 pts 2

Organizes evidence, but the organization is not effective in revealing patterns, differences, or similarities.

27.0 pts 1

Describes evidence, but it is not organized and/ or is unrelated to focus.

0.0 pts 0

Lists evidence, but it is not organized and/ or is unrelated to focus.

45.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome Writing

10.0 pts 5

The paper exhibits a excellent command of written English language conventions. The paper has no errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling.

9.0 pts 4

The paper exhibits a good command of written English language conventions. The paper has no errors in mechanics, or spelling with minor grammatical errors that impair the flow of communication.

8.0 pts 3

The paper exhibits a basic command of written English language conventions. The paper has minor errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that impact the flow of communication.

7.0 pts 2

The paper exhibits a limited command of written English language conventions. The paper has frequent errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that impede the flow of communication.

6.0 pts 1

The paper exhibits little command of written English language conventions. The paper has errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that cause the reader to stop and reread parts of the writing to discern meaning.

0.0 pts 0

The paper does not demonstrate command of written English language conventions. The paper has multiple errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that cause the reader difficulty discerning the meaning.

10.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning Outcome APA PRICE-I

10.0 pts 5

The required APA elements are all included with correct formatting, including in-text citations and references.

9.0 pts 4

The required APA elements are all included with minor formatting errors, including in-text citations and references.

8.0 pts 3

The required APA elements are all included with multiple formatting errors, including in-text citations and references.

7.0 pts 2

The required APA elements are not all included. AND/OR there are major formatting errors, including in-text citations and references.

6.0 pts 1

Several APA elements are missing. The errors in formatting demonstrate limited understanding of APA guidelines, in-text-citations, and references.

0.0 pts 0

There is little to no evidence of APA formatting. AND/OR there are no in-text citations AND/OR references.

10.0 pts

Total Points: 100.0

Discussion 2 – Health Treatment

Traditional medicine has policed by medical boards in each state. They have been historically conservative when it comes to new techniques or new uses for old medical practices. How can the profession help to protect the consumer from inappropriate practitioners while still allowing new practices to flourish? Specifically, how can we integrate the use of CAM into treatments while assuring our patients that the means and caregiver are safe and well trained? Who should police the use and education of any caregiver? Should this all come under the purview of the medical board of each state?

minimum 2 sources requred.

Ecosystem Paper

Ecosystem Paper

Select an ecosystem in your area (forest, lake,grassland).

Write a 525- to 700-word paper explaining the following:

1) Describe the structure of your ecosystem including important abiotic features and dominant plant and animal species.
2) Explain some functions/processes of your ecosystem including one nutrient cycle and one food chain.
3) Give two examples of species interactions (predation, competition, mutualism, etc.) that occur in your ecosystem.
4) Identify an invasive species in your ecosystem. Explain its effects on the ecosystem and efforts to control or eradicate it.

Include two outside references.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.