Could u read this and let me know if i am on the right track Staying focused Comparing and contrasting ADHD participants in reaction tasks Shikerra

Could u read this and let me know if i am on the right track

Staying focused

Comparing and contrasting ADHD participants in reaction tasks

Shikerra Lewis

February 10, 2019


In my experiment I chose to compare and contrast individuals with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder based on reaction times to the test. The individuals were chosen specifically based on age and number of years with ADHD. The ages of the individuals tested range from 17-60. Those tested were clinically  diagnosed by doctors to have ADHD. Per the experiment requirements participants were asked to have been off of their medication for a week prior to testing. I hypothesize that those with ADHD will not perform as well as those without ADHD. The conclusion of the hypothesis is a result of research that suggest those with ADHD typically perform below average until treated.

Staying focused

Comparing and contrasting ADHD participants in reaction tasks

Attention- deficit/ hyperactivity disorder is comprised of the inability to stay or maintain attention on one task. The condition often begins in childhood with no biological disorder but is a behavior disorder. Stop signal tasks have been performed to calculate the inhibition of ADHD. Results have yielded slower and more variable in children with ADHD (Gooch, Snowling, & Hulme, 2012). In the experiment conducted participants were chosen by age, gender and condition. Knowledge for the condition of participants was gained through survey questions and consent signature. It is hypothesized that participants with the condition of ADHD will have a slower reaction time than those without.

According to research males with and without ADHD were measured using a memory type test and a choice-reaction time tasks (Hudec et al., 2015). The tasks that required high working memory demands had increased motor activity whereas those demands on non-executive processes were smaller. Similar test conducted with children resulted in ADHD related impairments creating deficits where working memory was the requirement to fulfill the tasks. However in the case on this particular study finger math yielded more positive results(Huang-Pollock & Karalunas, 2010). When an adult study was conducted to compare and contrast the response inhibition of those adults with ADHD and those with ASD it was hypothesized that those with ADHD will show evidence of impairment whereas those with ASD will show a more positive intact response inhibition (Johnston, Madden, Bramham & Russell, 2010). ” In attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) there is also evidence of impaired EF and Barkley (1997) proposes a primary deficit in response inhibition accounting for many of the clinical features of the disorder” (Johnston, Madden, Bramham & Russell, 2010). The current study will examine the reaction time the reaction time of those with ADHD and without in a simple response task.


Participants were chosen in a mall setting and called over to a booth to do a brief survey. The survey would ask possible participants to disclose details about there health and there was a disclosure signed explaining how the information would be used. Each individual was given a number that coincided with there contact information. If chosen participants were given a call and instructed on the task which they were required to perform. Total chosen 82 individuals without ADHD met the criteria of the survey which was being able to respond to colors seen. 80 individuals chosen with a childhood history of ADHD and still currently diagnosed and actively taking medication. Participants with ADHD were asked to go 24 hours without the medication to properly gage the results. A urinalysis was consented to and given to insure that the instructions were followed.

Participants would gather at a specific location where they were all given a letter which consisted of 9 groups of 18, with three groups participating at a time. Groups A,B, and C would go in to a room and sit in from of the computer consecutively followed by the next three. The proctor read off the directions and told everyone when to begin. Participants were told that this exercise consists of 20 colored slides, whenever a red slide is seen you are to press the spacebar on the keyboard as quickly as possible however if you see a blue slide you are to do nothing but wait for the next slide. The results would be sent to the proctor and if you like you could ask to see them at the end.

The testing went fairly quickly and participants that had tested were not reintegrated into the group with those that had not yet taken the test. Once all groups had gone through the testing the results were tallied and divided into two main groups. Those two groups were those without ADHD and those with ADHD.


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