The diathesis-stress model of obesity would suggest that although an individual may have a genetic predisposition or vulnerability toward obesity, there would need to be some environmental or psychological triggers for a person to journey down the road to obesity. Describe at least three psychosocial factors that can influence obesity and explain how a health psychologist could intervene for each of them.
Describe the biological, psychological, and social contributions toward anorexia or bulimia, providing examples of each influence. In your opinion, which of these factors would respond best to treatment? Explain.
Diabetes mellitus is a medical condition that affects more than 18 million Americans, and it is also considered a major risk factor for CVD. Most people with diabetes should be able to control the disease by changing their diets, maintaining healthy weights, and getting regular exercise. However, many Americans find it difficult to make these lifestyle changes. Use the health model, the theory of planned behavior, or the transtheoretical model to explain why this may be so. Using this model, explain how a health psychologist could assist a person with type 2 diabetes succeed in making the recommended behavioral changes.